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What is a Basic Switch?

Basic Switch Definition

A Basic Switch has a micro contact gap and snap-action mechanism, and turns ON and OFF with a specified movement and force.

Snap-action Mechanism
This is a mechanism that enables instant switching at a fixed operating position, regardless of the operating speed and operating force of the switch.

Features of Basic Switches

Compact, High-capacity SwitchingBecause the contacts switch instantly, any arc between the contacts will not continue for a long period of time, which enables the switching of large currents in a small package.
High AccuracySwitching occurs at nearly the same pushing position every time, which allows for high-accuracy position detection.
High DurabilityAny arcs between the contacts do not last long, which reduces the damage done to the contacts for greater durability.
ResponsiveOur snap-action mechanism design produces a unique clicking feel and sound for superb operational responsiveness.

Basic Switches are designed for detection, but can also be used as manual switches.

Basic Switch Models

Basic Switches come in four sizes: General-purposeMiniatureSubminiature and Ultra Subminiature, depending on the device and scale of the equipment they are to be used in.
We have also added Sealed Basic Switches to the lineup that are designed to provide environmental resistance.

Large For Industrial Equipment and Facilities For Consumer and Commercial Device Small
Basic Switches
General purpose basic switches
General-purposeBasic Switches(Z-size)
Miniature basic switches
MiniatureBasic Switches(V-size)
SubminiatureBasic Switches
SubminiatureBasic Switches(S-size)
Ultra SubminiatureBasic Switches
Ultra SubminiatureBasic Switches(J-size)
Sealed Basic Switches
Sealed MiniatureBasic Switches
Sealed MiniatureBasic Switches(V-size)
Sealed SubminiatureBasic Switches
Sealed SubminiatureBasic Switches(S-size)
Sealed Ultra SubminiatureBasic Switches
Sealed Ultra SubminiatureBasic Switches(J-size)
General-purposeMiniatureSubminiatureUltra Subminiature

Basic Switches are divided into four size categories: Z, V, S and J.
Z, V, S and J are quoted the marks from NECA classification.
(NECA : Nippon Electric Control Equipment Industries Association)

Basic Switch Structures

Basic Switches consist of five functional sections: actuator, snap-action mechanism, contacts, case and terminals.
Each of these functional sections consists of smaller parts.

diagram of a basic switch

1.Actuator

The actuator relays the external force and movement to the internal mechanisms.

2.Snap-action Mechanism

The snap-action operation is performed by a highly conductive spring.

3.Contacts

The contacts reliably switch electricity to make or break the circuit.

4.Case

The case is highly insulating and mechanically durable to protect the internal mechanisms of the switch.

5.Terminals

The terminals are used to connect to external circuits.

1. Actuator

Many different types of actuators can be attached to the actuator depending on the shape and movement of the detection object, based on a pin plunger.

Pin Plungerpin plungerDirectly relays force and movement to the internal mechanisms of the switch.
⇒This type of actuator can detect with high precision the position of objects that move in short, straight-line strokes.
Hinge Leverhinge leverThe stroke grows larger proportional to the distance away from the fulcrum, while the load grows smaller.
⇒Use this type of actuator for small operating forces or when a large stroke is required.
Simulated Roller Leversimulated roller lever
Hinge Roller Leverhinge roller lever
Leaf Leverleaf leverThe operating forces is increased because the lever is secured to the fulcrum and must be bent to operate the switch.
⇒The lever returns by itself. This type of actuator is often used in Sealed Basic Switches.

Select the actuator that is best suited for the shape and movement of the detection object.

2. Snap-action Mechanism

With a snap-action mechanism, the contacts will instantaneously switch at a specific operating position regardless of the operating speed and operating force of the switch.
As opposed to a snap-action mechanism, with a slow-action mechanism, the operating speed of the switch is always the travel speed of the contacts.

snap-action mechanisms in a basic switch

If you press down on the top of a sheet of plastic that is bent info an arc, the sheet will suddenly reverse to a U shape at a certain point. This is like a snap-action mechanism.

Features of Snap-action Operation

  • Because the contacts switch at high speed, any arc between the contacts will not continue for a long period of time.
  • This reduces contact wear and maintains contact reliability.
  • Even small sized switches can make and break large currents.
features of snap action mechanisms

With AC, the current flow alternates, so arcs are cut off more easily at the same voltage and current in comparison with DC.
Therefore, there is less contact damage with AC.

When pressure is applied to the pushbutton of a switch, the force of the movable spring causes the moving contact to quickly switch from the NC fixed contact to the NO fixed contact.
When pressure is released from the pushbutton of a switch, the force of the movable spring causes the moving contact to quickly switch from the NO fixed contact to the NC fixed contact.

3. Contacts

We also offer a variety of shapes and materials for contacts, and different contact gaps depending on application conditions.

Typical Contact Shapes

Crossbar Contacts for Microloads, Primarily Made of Gold
crossbar contacts

These contacts have a small contact surface and have high contact pressure per unit area, making them suitable for use with microloads.The primary materials used in these contacts are gold alloy

Rivet Contacts for Medium to High Loads, Primarily Made of Silver
rivet contacts

These contacts are used for a wide range of applications from standard to high loads. The primary materials used in these contacts are bronze, silver plating and silver alloy.

Contact Gap

contact gap in basic switches
CodeContact Gap*DC Current
Shut-off
Accuracy and
Durability
Vibration and
Shock
Resistance
Feature
H0.25mmWhat is a Basic Switch?What is a Basic Switch?What is a Basic Switch?High accuracy and high durability
G0.50mmGeneral-purpose
F1.00mmBetween G and E
E1.80mmVibration and shock
resistance

※The contact gap values are design values.

Select the contact specifications based on the load to switch and application conditions.

4.Basic Switch Cases

Cases are normally made of thermoplastic PBT or thermosetting PF.

Typical Case Materials

Material NameMaterial SymbolFeatures
Phenol resinPFA thermosetting resin.
It provides superior resistance to combustion and tracking.
Polybutyrene terephthalate resinPBTA thermoplastic resin.
A type of this resin that is reinforced with fiberglass is used for basic switches.
Polyamide (nylon) resinPAA thermoplastic resin.
This type of resin has high heat resistance.
It slides well and absorbs water well.
Polyphenylene sulfide resinPPSA thermoplastic resin.
I It provides better resistance to heat than PA.
It is used when heat resistance is required, e.g., for soldering.

Materials are divided into two types: thermosetting resins and thermoplastic resins.
Thermosetting Resin: These resins harden when heat is applied to them. They cannot be reused.
Thermoplastic Resin: These resins melt when heat is applied to them. They can be reformed to recycle the materials.

A thermoplastic resin such as PBT is usually used.

5.Terminals

We also offer a wide variety of terminals.

Solder
Terminals
Quick-conect
Terminals
Screw
Terminals
PCB TerminalsMolded Lead
Wire
solder terminalsquick connect terminalsscrew terminalspcb terminalsmolded lead wire
Connect the lead wire by soldering it.Connect the terminal with a connector. Available sizes: #250, #187, #110, etc.”Connect the lead wire with a screw.Insert the terminals into PCB and solder it.Attach the lead wire to the terminal and mold the terminal section with resin.
self clinching pcb and angle pcb terminals
  • Bronze alloy is often used in terminals.
  • Some terminals use silver plating to increase conductivity. (In some cases, gold plating is used to prevent discoloration due to oxidization and sulfurization.)
  • We provide both self-clinching terminals and angle terminals for PCBs.

Each series has its own terminal variations. Select the terminals you need based on your application environment.

Author

Hello, my name is Eva Xia, and I am currently the Marketing Manager at Yueqing Weup Technology Co., Ltd, located in Wenzhou, Zhejiang, China. With over a decade of experience in the accounting field, I have developed extensive knowledge and skills that enable me to excel in my role. Additionally, I have spent two years working as an English teacher, which enhanced my communication abilities and instilled discipline within me.

Having gained more than three years of valuable experience in overseas sales, I have had the opportunity to expand my horizons and develop a deeper understanding of the commercial landscape. This exposure has nurtured my business understanding and allowed me to navigate diverse markets confidently.

However, despite my accomplishments thus far, I remain dedicated to continuous growth and learning. My current area of focus revolves around electronic switches. It is a fascinating and dynamic field that constantly evolves with technological advancements. By delving deeper into this realm, I aim to enhance my professional knowledge and stay ahead of industry trends.

In summary, as a Marketing Manager at Yueqing Weup Technology Co., Ltd., I bring forth a wealth of experience in accounting coupled with the valuable skills honed during my time as an English teacher. Furthermore, my extensive overseas sales expertise has sharpened my business acumen. With a relentless thirst for knowledge and a specific interest in electronic switches, I strive to enhance my professional capabilities further while contributing positively to our organization’s success.

Get in Touch for More Insights!

If you’ve found the information helpful and want to learn more, I encourage you to reach out. Whether your questions concern our latest industry trends, electronic switches, or other market insights, I’m here to help!

Don’t hesitate to drop me an email at the below table.

I am looking forward to hearing from you soon!

Eva Xia,
Marketing Manager at Yueqing Weup Technology Co., Ltd

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